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  • 您的位置:在点网 > 范文 > 公文文书 > 技巧经验 > 写好英语四级作文技巧 正文 2017-06-06

    写好英语四级作文技巧

    相关热词搜索:作文 写好 英语四级 技巧 英语四级作文范文 英语四级听力技巧

    篇一:英语四级解题技巧-写作

    英语四级解题技巧——写作

    杜雪娟 2013/11

    一、 要求与评分标准

    二、 作文分类与高分模板

    (一)原因分析型

    1. 写作模式

    第一段 描述现象

    第二段 解释这种现象产生或存在的原因

    第三段 提出解决问题的建议或总结观点

    2. 高分模板

    The bar chart/ table reflects ______. From these statistics, it can be seen that ______.

    Generally speaking, two factors have contributed to this phenomenon. For one thing, ________. For another, ________.

    As far as I am concerned, _______. So, as individuals, first we should ________. Second, _________. Only in this way we can.

    In recent years, with the improvement of living standard, ______. Such a prevailing phenomenon leads to _______.

    Many reasons may account for ______. To begin with, ______. In addition, ________. What’s more, ______.

    In my opinion, _______. To prevent this phenomenon from worsing, it is high time that _______.

    3. 真题范文

    On Eexcessive Packaging (2012年6月)

    (二)对比选择型

    1. 写作模式

    第一段 论述一些人对某一事物或现象的看法

    第二段 论述另一些人对此事物或现象的看法

    第三段 表明自己的观点并给出自己的理由

    2. 高分模板

    For many years, ______ has been a very important part of ______. But during recent years, some people put forward the opinion that ______. They complain that______.

    In my opinion, _____. We should ______.

    3. 真题范文

    Spring Festival Gala on CCTV

    (三)观点论证型

    1. 写作模式

    第一段 引出话题,表明观点

    第二段 给出论据,解释观点

    第三段 提出建议或重申观点

    2. 高分模板

    As is vividly revealed in the picture above, _______. Undoubtedly, the symbolic meaning subtly conveyed in the picture should be given deep consideration that ______.

    ______. For example, _______. Therefore, when it comes to ______. In one world, for college students _______. Only in this way can we _______.

    There is a widespread famous/ humorous saying/ As a saying goes that _____. Funny as it is, the saying ironically/ truly/faithfully reflects the fact that ______.

    Therefore, we must ______. And what’s more _______. For example, ________.

    Obviously, only with ______ can you.

    All in all/ In conclusion/ Ingeneral, ______.

    3. 真题范文

    看图作文(2013年6月)

    (四)说明利弊型

    1. 写作模式

    第一段 说明某现象或事物带来的好处/弊端

    第二段 说明该现象或食物可能带来的问题/利益

    第三段 提出自己的看法或建议

    2. 高分模板

    ______ is gaining increasing popularity recently and ______.

    ______ is beneficial to ______ and ______ alike in many ways. For _____. For ______.

    However, despite many benefits from ______, there are still some defects that cannot be ignored. For one thing, _____. For another, _____.

    From my perspective, the benefits of ______ do outweigh its defects, and ________. What we should do is ______. Only when ______ can we ______.

    3. 真题范文

    Online shopping (2011年6月)

    (五)问题解决型

    1. 写作模式

    第一段 描述现象,提出问题

    第二段 分析问题可能产生的后果

    第三段 提出解决问题的方法或建议

    2. 高分模板

    It is beyond reproach that ______. However, it may go too far to ______.

    It is not unusual to witness that ______. Consequently, ______. What’s worse, ______. Therefore, it is high time that we took actions to ______.

    In my opinion, on the one hand, ______. On the other hand, ______. In addition, ______. Only through these ways can we ______.

    3. 真题范文

    How Should Parents Help Children to Be Independent? (2010年12月)

    三 写作策略

    1. 内容是否紧(来自:WwW.zaiDian.com 在点网:写好英语四级作文技巧)扣主题, 涵盖提示要点

    2. 作文结构层次是否清晰

    3. 语言表达是否流畅, 有无重大语病和逻辑错误

    篇二:大学英语四级作文写作技巧

    幻灯片4

    英语四、六级写作基本文体

    ? 首先要指出的是,四、六级作文在准备和对策上是基本一致的,因为两者评分标准基本

    一致,除了字数上的差距,四级120词,六级150词。英语考试的作文大体可以分为: ? 1、正反论证

    ? 2、原因现象描述类;

    ? 3、图表;

    ? 4、名言谚语。

    ? 5、信件。所谓的写信,无非就是在这四类的基础上,套用信件的格式而已。

    幻灯片5

    作文得分技巧总结

    ? 1、 卷面整洁,书写清楚

    ? 2、 构思简单,少犯错误

    ? 3、 中心突出,层次分明

    ? 4、 固定经典,名言注目

    5、 重在变化,宁简勿烂

    幻灯片6

    写作的“七项基本原则”

    1、长短句原则

    ? As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary

    need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.

    ? 强烈建议:在文章第一段(开头)用一长一短,且先长后短;在文章主体部分,要先用

    一个短句解释主要意思,然后在阐述几个要点的时候采用先短后长的句群形式,定会让主体部分妙笔生辉!文章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了。

    幻灯片7

    2、主题句原则

    ? 主题句通常放在句首

    ? To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before

    the exam(主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly.

    幻灯片8

    3、阐述观点的一二三原则

    ? (1)first, second, third, last(不推荐,原因:俗)

    ? (2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推荐,原因:俗)

    ? (3)the first, the second, the third, the last(不推荐,原 因:俗) ? (4)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly(不

    推荐,原因:俗)

    ? (5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(强烈推荐)

    ? (6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(强烈推荐)

    ? (7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(强烈推荐)

    ? (8)most important of all, moreover, finally

    ? (9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情况)

    ? (10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)

    幻灯片9

    4、短语优先原则

    ? 写作时,尤其是在考试时,如果使用短语,有两个好处:其一、用短语会使文章增加亮

    点,如果老师们看到你的文章太简单,看不到一个自己不认识的短语,你的得分率将会降低;相反,如果发现一些精彩的短语,你的文章定会得高分。其二、关键时刻思维短路,只有凑字数,怎么办?用短语是一个办法!比如:

    ? I cannot bear it.可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.

    ? I want it.可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it.

    幻灯片10

    5、多实少虚原则

    ? 原因很简单,写文章还是应该写一些实际的东西,不要空话连篇。这就要求一定要多用

    实词,少用虚词。所谓虚词是指那些比较大的词。比如我们说一个很好的时候,不应该只说nice这样空洞的词,应该使用一些诸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital之类的形象词。再比如:

    ? 走出房间,general的词是:walk out of the room

    ? 但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room

    ? 小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room

    ? 小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room

    ? 老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room

    幻灯片11

    6、多变句式原则

    (1)加法(串联)

    ? 写长句的方法就是这些,可以在任何句子之间加and,但最好是前后的句子又先后关系

    或者并列关系。比如说:

    ?I enjoy music and he is fond of playing guitar.

    ? 如果是二者并列的,我们可以用一个超级句式:

    ?Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm.

    ? 其它的短语可以用:

    besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover

    幻灯片12

    (2)转折(拐弯抹角)

    ? 批评某人缺点的时候,我们总习惯先拐弯抹角说说他的优点,然后转入正题,再说

    缺点,写文章的时候只要在要点之前先来点废话,注意二者之间用个转折词就够了。 ? The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition.

    ? The coat was thin, but it was warm.

    ? 更多的短语:

    despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, notwithstanding 幻灯片13

    (3)因果(so, so, so)

    ? 昨天在街上我看到了一个女孩,然后我主动搭讪,然后我们去咖啡厅,然后我们认

    识了,然后我们成为了朋友?可见,讲故事的时候我们总要追求先后顺序,先什么,后什么,所以然后这个词就变得很常见了。其实这个词表示的是先后或因果关系!

    ? The snow began to fall, so we went home.

    ? 更多短语:

    then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, for this reason, so that

    幻灯片14

    (4)失衡句(头重脚轻,或者头轻脚重)

    ? 文章中如果出现失衡句子,更会让考官看到你的句子与众不同。其实就是主语从句,

    表语从句,宾语从句的变形。

    ? This is what I can do.

    ? Whether he can go with us or not is not sure.

    ?同样主语、宾语、表语可以改成如下的复杂成分:

    When to go, Why he goes away?

    幻灯片15

    (5)附加(多此一举)

    ? 在句子中穿插定语从句和同位语从句或者是插入语,使句子有变化。

    ? The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine.

    ? I don't enjoy that book you are reading.

    ? Mr liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going.

    附加法其实很简单:同位语——要解释的东西删除后不影响整个句子的构成;定语从句——借用之前的关键词并且用其重新组成一个句子插入其中,但是whom /that关键词必须要紧跟在先行词之前。

    幻灯片16

    (6)排比(排山倒海句)

    ? 文学作品中最吸引人的地方莫过于此,如果非要让你的文章更加精彩的话,那么我希望

    你引用一个个的排比句,一个个的对偶句,一个个的不定式,一个个地词,一个个的短语,如此表达将会使文章有排山倒海之势!

    ? Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, sophisticated or simple, there

    is plenty in London for you.

    ? Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal,

    natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides.

    ? We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our

    potentials and to pay for our life.(气势恢宏)

    幻灯片17

    7、挑战极限原则

    ? 既然是挑战极限,必然是比较难的,但是并非不可攀!原理:在学生的文章中,很

    少发现诸如独立主格的句子,其实也很简单,只要花上5分钟的时间看看就可以领会,它就是分词的一种特殊形式,分词要求主语一致,而独立主格则不然。比如:

    ? The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills. Africa is the second largest continent, its size being about three times that of China.

    幻灯片18

    议论文写作的基本模式

    ? 从2006年6月四级改革以来,议论文已经成为四级作文的绝对主流,无论是学生还是

    老师,都对此类题目进行了充分的准备。对于这种类型的文章,写作框架如下:

    第一段:现象背景介绍+引出话题(公众观点+大概理由);

    第二段:关于话题的相关因素(影响,作用,好处,危害或原因等);

    第三段:陈述自己观点或预期未来。

    组成一篇文章的三要素是:结构,内容和语言。对于此类型的文章,同学们是很难在结构上略胜一筹的; 至于具体内容,也完全不需要推陈出新,因为批卷老师是完全没有时间仔细看理由的。所以,如何体现我们的写作能力和文章价值,关键在于文章遣词造句的质量。

    此类文章的高分原则为:第一,在文章中必须有五个左右的衔接词,来体现逻辑性。第二,用词尽量避免重复,体现语言的灵活和升级。第三,尽量使用非陈述句式,如倒装、被动、虚拟语气及插入语等。

    幻片19

    辩论式议论文模版1

    ? Some people believe (argue, recognize, think) that 观点1. But other people take

    an opposite side. They firmly believe that 观点2. As for me, I agree to the former/latter idea. There are a dozen of reasons behind my belief. First of all, 论据1. More importantly, 论据2. Most important of all, 论据3. In summary, 总结观点. As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心.或:From above, we can predict that 预测.

    幻灯片20

    辩论式议论文模版

    ? People hold different views about X. Some people are of the opinion that 观

    点1, while others point out that 观点2. As far as I am concerned, the

    former/latter opinion holds more weight.

    ?For one thing, 论据1.

    ?For another, 论据2.

    ?Last but not the least, 论据3.

    ? To conclude, 总结观点. As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心.或 From

    above, we can predict that 预测.

    幻灯片21

    辩论式议论文模版3

    ? There is no consensus of opinions among people about X(争论的焦点)。Some

    people are of the view that 观点1,while others take an opposite side, firmly believing that 观点2。As far as I am concerned, the former/latter notion is preferable in many senses. The reasons are obvious.

    ? First of all, 论据1。

    ? Furthermore, 论据2。

    ? Among all of the supporting evidences, one is the strongest. That is, 论据3。 ? A natural conclusion from the above discussion is that总结观点。

    As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心. 或 From above, we can predict that

    预测.

    幻灯片22

    1.利弊议论文

    ? Model 1

    ? ▲It is a new thing that credit cards have been widely used by college students.

    Many people welcome this new development while others have expressed their concern about this.

    ? ▲Those who take sides against this new trend believe that because some college

    students have no proper sense of consumption.

    ? ▲One common argument, however, for the using of credit cards on campus_ is that

    some college students have no proper sense of consumption.

    ▲Of the two views discussed above, I am in favor of the former. My reason is that if college students realize the advantages of using credit cards, they will accept this modern way of consumption .

    幻灯片23

    ? Model 2

    As is known to all, there has been a wave of ____. There are many advantages (disadvantages) of this modern way. First of all, _____. In the second place,

    _____. Lastly, _____.In a word, ____.

    幻灯片24

    ? Model 3

    ? ▲When asked about _____, different people will offer different

    ? opinions. Some people take it for granted that _____. In their mind, ____.

    Besides, ______.However, others hold that ____. They maintain that ____.

    ▲Weighting up these two arguments, I am for the first one. For one thing, ____. For another, _____. Therefore, as stated above, ____.

    幻灯片25

    ? Model 4

    ▲____ is becoming more popular in ____, especially among ____. Today, it’s certainly difficult to think of ____.

    篇三:大学英语四级考试写作技巧

    大学英语四级考试写作

    大学英语四级考试写作题型根据教育部颁布的大学英语教学大纲的要求,大学英语四级考试的命题形式有以下几种:首尾句作文、提纲作文、图表作文、命题作文、书信体作文等。首尾句作文是根据段首(尾)句续写短文。段首句作文也称主题句作文,因为作文题中所给的段首句往往是段落主题句。其特点是以题目为中心,一般情况下将文章分为三个段落,每段首句即为该段的主题句(topic sentences)。考生要按主题句的要求组织材料,提出论据,用一些辅助句(supporting sentences)来支持或说明主题句,写英文段首句作文要注意:所写的内容要紧扣主题,辅助句应围绕段首句续写。保证段内每个句子的内容与段首句紧密展开各个段落,如:例证、因果、定义、比较对比、程序等。要注意句与句之间,特别是段首句与辅助句之间的自然衔接。另外,所给的段首句有时是一个完整的句子,有时不是一个完整的句子,只是句子的一部分,这就要求我们一定要审好题。找出其中表示中心思想的关键词,围绕这些关键词去扩展、描述或说明。

    [例1]Directions :For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition about Women in the Modern World in three paragraphs. You are given the first sentence of each

    paragraph and are required to develop the idea in completing the paragraph; your part of the composition should be about 100 words, not including the words given. Remember to write clearly.

    [范文]

    Women in the Modern World

    Women are playing an increasingly important role in society. Successful women who are government officials, writers, scientists, doctors and teachers can be found everywhere. It is true that many jobs that once were dominated by men can be done well by women.

    With the changes in their social role, women’s position in the family has been improved as well. The husband is no longer the only bread maker in the family and the wife no longer lives on others. They share comforts and hardships with each other.

    In spite of these changes, the liberation of women has not been completely realized. Women still face many difficulties and obstacles due to traditional roles and limited economic strength. Women still have a long way to go in their struggle for complete equality with men.

    第一段首句是讲妇女在社会上的作用,因而续写的内容

    紧紧围绕妇女的社会作用,比如,妇女可以是政府机关的工作人员、科学家、教师等;第二句的段首句是关于妇女在家庭中的地位也提高了,续写的内容也是有关夫妻患难与共;第三句的段首句是讲妇女解放仍然任重而道远,续写的部分提出了妇女所面临的问题,整个续写的部分紧扣段首句。 [例2]Directions :Write a composition about What Would Happen If There Were No power in three paragraphs, you are given the first sentence or part of the first sentence of each paragraph:

    1. Ever since early this century, electricity has become an essential part of our modern life.

    2. If there were no electric power,...

    3. Therefore,...

    范文

    What Would Happen If There Were No Power

    Ever since early this century, electricity has become an essential part of our modern life. It has played a decisive role in the modern world. Everybody admits that development of our civilization depends on electricity.

    If there were no electricity power, our modern world would be in trouble. For instance, all the wheel would stop because without the power the machine would cease working. And all

    the electrical equipment life would be impossible and in a great mass without electricity.

    Therefore, we should make better use of elective power. On the other hand, we should educate people to economize on electricity and not to waste energy resources. At the same time we must do our best to exploit more electric resources to meet the requirements of human beings.

    第一段的段首句是讲电已经成为人们现代生活中必不可少的部分,因而接下来的续写部分应强调它的重要性。第二段的段首句提出如果没有电的假设,下面列出没有电将会出现的麻烦。最后一段指出我们应该节约用电,开拓更多的电力资源。

    关键词作文是根据作文题目以及所给出的关键词写短文。关键词的数目由几个到十几个不等。写这种题型的作文,要特别注意关键词的作用。关键词是短文内容发展的“路标”,在作文思路和写作内容上起着决定乾坤的作用。因此,写出的文章要把所给的这些关键词都用上,可以一句中用上几个词,也可以几句中用上一个词,只要能做到恰到好处即可。而且,要学会根据所给关键词的语义群分段。如果所给的关键词可以分为三组,那么,短文就可以写成三段。如果给出的关键词是两组,短文就可以写为两段。再者,要把给出的关键词用在刀刃上,即各段的主题句以及结尾的主题句都应

    该有关键词。

    [例1]

    Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a passage on “The Advantages of Travel” based on the words and phrases given: advantages widen our knowledge, make friends, knowledge or geography, beautiful scenery, different lifestyle, customs and cultures, various foods, practice a foreign language, worth spending the time.

    [范文]

    The Advantages of Travel

    Whenever a college student is asked “What are you going to do this summer vacation?”the most probable answer might be “I am going to have a trip.”It seems that college students are fond of traveling very much. Why?Because travel has numerous advantages. First of all,travel can widen our knowledge of geography,the knowledge of different customs, cultures and lifestyles of different places and countries. Secondly, we can make friends and practice a foreign language through traveling. Finally, travel is the best way of spending time. We can enjoy eating various local foods and seeing beautiful scenery.In a word, we can benefit from travel in more than one way. It is worth spending the time.

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