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  • 您的位置:在点网 > 范文 > 导游词 > 山西导游词 > 山西英文导游词 正文 2016-08-22

    山西英文导游词

    相关热词搜索:山西 英文 导游词 山西概况导游词 山西旅游

    篇一:山西英语导游词专题讲解2013

    山西的历史文化

    如果把中国历史文化比作一棵大树或者一条长河的话,山西的历史文化堪称这棵大树的一条直根、这条长河的源头之一。

    早在180万年以前,原始人类就生活在山西这块土地上。芮城县发现的180万年前西侯度人活动遗址内的烧骨,是迄今为止人类懂得用火并且生活在这里的最早证明。山西考古发掘的近300处旧石器时代和2000多处新石器时代的文化遗址,在世界上自成系列,系统反映了远古人类在山西发展的漫长历史过程。

    中华民族很早就发明了文字,早期的文字,多次记载了尧都平阳、舜都蒲坂、禹都安邑,创造中华文明的尧舜禹,传说也生长在山西这片土地上。

    周朝初期,周成王封弟弟叔虞为唐侯,叔虞的儿子夑父,迁都晋水之畔,唐国改名“晋国”,从此“晋”成为山西这方热土的简称而沿用至今。

    在中国历史上,原本是由男性主导。但是,唐朝却产生了一个女皇武则天。武则天是今山西文水人,她在为称帝15年,实际统治中国约半个世纪,是唐朝相对安定和发展的时期。由于大唐帝国影响很大,直到今天,外国人仍称中国人为“唐人”。称中国人在海外其他国家的聚居地为“唐人街”,把中国服装称作“唐装”。

    直到今天,山西省有近现代重要史迹及代表性建筑6715座,纵观一部中国史,山西以其特定的地理位置、深厚的文化积淀、丰富的物质基础,扮演了颇为重要的角色。

    The history and culture of Shanxi

    If the Chinese history and culture as a tree or a river of words, one source of a taproot, the history and culture of Shanxi is the tree of the long river.

    As early as 1800000 years ago, the original human beings living in this land of Shanxi. Ruicheng County found 1800000 years ago West Hou human activities inside the ruins of burned bone, is the earliest evidence of ever know the fire and life here. Shanxi archaeological excavations near 300 Paleolithic and more than 2000 Neolithic cultural sites, since a series in the world, the system reflects the ancient human development in Shanxi in the course of history.

    The Chinese invented the word a long time ago, the early writing, has recorded the Yaodu Pingyang, Shun Puban, Yu Anyi, the creation of Chinese civilization Yaoshun Yu, legend has grown in Shanxi this piece of land.

    The early Zhou Dynasty, Zhou Wang uncle Feng Didi Yu Tang Hou, tert Yu son Xie father, the water of the river, Tang renamed the "Jin", from "Jin" become Shanxi this land referred to and are still in use.

    In Chinese history, which is dominated by men. However, the Tang Dynasty has produced a queen Wu Zetian. Wu Zetian is now the Shanxi Wenshui person, in her 15 years of emperor, the actual ruled China for about half a century, is the relative stability and development period of Tang dynasty. Due to the great influence of the Tang Empire, until today, foreigners are still

    referred to China as "chinese". S

    山西英文导游词

    aid the Chinese overseas in other countries where as "Chinatown", the Chinese garment called "Tang suit".

    Until today, Shanxi province has an important historical and modern representative building block 6715, throughout the history of China, Shanxi with its special geographical position, rich cultural heritage, rich material basis, plays an important role in.

    山西气候与物产

    有朋友问我,山西的气候物产有什么特点?我先说说气候,然后再说物产,山西属温带大陆性季风气候,并以恒山为界,分属中温带和暖温带两个亚带,南北温差较大。可以说正当运城酷暑难带时,北部的五台山却风景宜人。山西是北方高原气候,季节性变化明显,一年四季分明,7月的五台山,平均气温仅10度左右,是理想的“中国华北清凉圣地”。

    山西多层次的地理地貌,造就了众多的物产,蕴藏着丰富的矿藏。驰名中国的晋南牛、广灵驴等地方良种均育自山西。自古以来,山西就适宜多种农作物的生长。运城地区宜种小麦、棉花,晋北山区宜种莜麦、土豆。

    山西是中国的能源与矿产资源大省,全省120多种资源中,储量居中国第一的就有6中,山西的优质煤。在中国乃至世界都属上乘,在中国的6大煤田中,大同是中国最大的优质动力煤生产基地,太原古交是中国最大的炼焦煤生产基地,阳泉是中国最大的无烟煤生产基地,可以说60年来,山西人民一直从煤海深处为新中国输送着经济腾飞的血液。阳城发电厂是亚洲第一大火力发电厂,首都北京四分之一的用电要靠山西供给,来自山西的火电,照亮了京、津、唐等地的夜晚。Shanxi climate and products

    A friend asked me, the climate of Shanxi is what characteristics? I first talk about the climate, products and say, Shanxi is temperate continental monsoon climate, and to Mt. Hengshan for the community, belong to the temperate and warm temperate two subzones, a larger temperature difference between North and south. Can be said that as Yuncheng heat difficult belt, northern Mount Wutai scenery. Shanxi is the northern plateau climate, seasonal variation, a year the four seasons, Mount Wutai in July, the average temperature is only 10 degrees, is the ideal of "North China cool".

    Shanxi multi-level geographical landscape, creating a large number of products, rich in minerals. The well-known Chinese Jinnan, Guangling donkey, local varieties were bred from Shanxi. Since ancient times, Shanxi is suitable for a variety of crops. Yuncheng area should be of wheat, cotton, Shanxi Province should be kind of mountain naked oats, potatoes.

    Shanxi is a big energy and mineral resources province of China, the 120 kinds of resources, reserves ranking first in China to have 6, Shanxi coal quality. In China and even the world are excellent, 6 large coal fields in China, Datong is the base for production of high quality steam coal is China's largest, Taiyuan Gujiao is China's largest coking coal

    production base, Yangquan is China's largest anthracite production base, can be said that in the past 60 years, the people of Shanxi a straight from the depths for the new China coal transportation with the economic take-off of the blood. Yangcheng Power Plant is Asia's largest thermal power plant in Beijing, the capital of 1/4 of electricity supply from Shanxi by Shanxi, thermal power, illuminating the Beijing and Tianjin, Tang, night.

    和谐相融的宗教

    山西这方土,名山大川寺庙多,宗教活动源远流长。山西现存的佛教、道教、伊斯兰教、天主教和基督教等,除佛教、道教影响较大,其余都能和睦相处,体现的是三晋人民的宽容大度。

    说到中国佛教,不得不提及山西佛教史,山西迄今尚存的数量与质量均居全国第一的佛教建筑及其文化遗迹就是明证。与其他汉传佛教不用的是,只需念佛便可往生西方极乐世界,才使得古今中外之人,无论何时何地、念佛之声此起彼伏。这一创举归功于东晋慧远、北魏昙鸾这两位山西籍高僧。

    作为中国的本土宗教,道教早于佛教传入山西,唐代道教的兴盛,更与发迹于山西的李唐王朝有关,在历代李唐皇帝中,尤其是李隆基的带有推崇下,当时全国道观成林。宋元明清时期,道教在山西又有较大的发展。元代时,由于忽必烈同时尊崇佛、道二教,道教在山西广为传播发展,太原龙山还出现了中国唯一的一处道教石窟。明末清初,恒山悬空寺,成为佛、道、儒三教合一的寺庙,体现了中华文明的和谐统一。

    一流的古建艺术

    建筑是社会缩影、民族的象征,也是一个民族文明具体形象的保留,山西素有“中国古代建筑宝库”的美称,古建筑不仅位居全国各省市区第一,而且保存完好,堪称奇迹。中国的木结构建筑,很容易被火焚烧而不宜保存,尤为珍贵的是,中国仅存的4座唐代木结构建筑全在我们山西,同时。这些建筑使得广大人民除了拜佛之外,还可以瞭望风景,还为历代的无数诗人、画家提供了创作的灵感,对于中国人民的精神生活,都产生了巨大的贡献和影响。 山西现存的古村镇古民居,也是中国数量第一、保存年代最早的民居宅院类建筑,山西保存的古塔,历代均有,种类齐全。云冈石窟开凿于北魏时期,是中国现存规模最大的石窟群,也是举世闻名的石窟艺术的宏大宝库。除了石雕造像之外,山西现存的古代寺观彩塑,位居中国各省之首。山西也是“中国古代寺观壁画艺术的宝库”,作为绘画,它萌芽于史前的岩画。山西发现的古墓葬有4298座,其中,太原的娄叡墓、徐显秀墓壁画,是中国近年来发现的面积最大、保存最好、内容最丰富的两处壁画。唐代壁画,也是中国现存最早的寺观壁画。The harmonious blending of religion

    Shanxi on this soil well-known mountains and rivers, temples, ancient religious activities. Shanxi existing Buddhist, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism and Christianity, in addition to the impact of Buddhism, Taoism, the other can live together in peace together, is the embodiment of the Shanxi people's tolerant magnanimous.

    Speaking of Chinese Buddhism, not to mention the history of Shanxi Buddhism, the quality and quantity of the ever present Shanxi ranking first in the country's Buddhist buildings and cultural relics is proof.

    No other Chinese Buddhism is the Buddha, just can be reborn in the Western elysian fields, makes the people at all times and in all countries, regardless of when and where the sound as one falls, the buddha. The initiative is attributed to the Eastern Jin Dynasty Huiyuan, the Northern Wei Dynasty Tanluan this two Shanxi nationality monk.

    As China's native religion, Taoism, Buddhism flourished in Shanxi, Taoism in Tang Dynasty, more concerned with the Shanxi Li Tang Dynasty, in the history of the emperor Li Tang, especially Li Longji with the respected, when the temple forest. Song Yuan Ming and Qing Dynasties, Taoism also has the big development in Shanxi. The Yuan Dynasty, because Kublai is also respected Buddha, teaching two, Taoism spread widely in Shanxi development, Taiyuan Longshan also appeared in China only a Taoist grotto. The late Ming and early Qing Dynasty, Mt. Hengshan, Hanging Temple, and become Buddha, Taoism, and Confucianism in a temple, reflecting the harmony of the Chinese civilization.

    Class of ancient art

    The building is a symbol of social microcosm, ethnic, retention is also a national civilization specific image, Shanxi known as the "treasure house of ancient Chinese architecture", "ancient architecture not only among the provinces in the first, and well preserved, miracle. Wood structure building in China, it is easy to be burned with fire and not preserved, particularly precious is China, only 4 of the Tang Dynasty wooden structure building in Shanxi, at the same time. The architecture makes the people in addition to worship Buddha, also can see the scenery, but also for the countless poets, painters with inspiration, for the Chinese people's spiritual life, have a great contribution and influence.

    Shanxi existing ancient villages and ancient houses, houses building is also the first Chinese class number, save the earliest era, Shanxi saved Guta, of all ages, all kinds of. Yungang Grottoes drilled in the Northern Wei Dynasty, is China's largest existing grottoes, also be known to all the world's great treasure house of grotto art. In addition to stone statues, Shanxi existing ancient temples in China, ranked the first among the provinces. Shanxi is the "China ancient temple mural art treasure house", as the painting, it originated from the prehistoric rock paintings. Shanxi found in ancient tombs have 4298 seats, wherein, murals in Taiyuan Lou Rui tomb, the tomb of Xu Xianxiu, China's recent discovered the largest, best preserved, the most abundant content of two murals. The Tang Dynasty Murals, is China's earliest existing temple murals.

    Class of ancient art

    The building is a symbol of social microcosm, ethnic, retention is also a national civilization specific image, Shanxi known as the "treasure house of ancient Chinese architecture", "ancient architecture not only among the provinces in the first, and well preserved, miracle. Wood structure building in China, it is easy to be burned with fire and not preserved, particularly precious is China, only 4 of the Tang Dynasty wooden structure building in Shanxi, at the same time. The architecture makes the people in addition to worship Buddha, also can see the scenery, but also for the countless poets, painters with inspiration, for the Chinese people's spiritual life, have a great contribution and influence.

    Shanxi existing ancient villages and ancient houses, houses building is also the first Chinese class number, save the earliest era, Shanxi saved Guta, of all ages, all kinds of. Yungang Grottoes drilled in the Northern Wei Dynasty, is China's largest existing grottoes, also be known to all the world's great treasure house of grotto art. In addition to stone statues, Shanxi existing ancient temples in China, ranked the first among the provinces. Shanxi is the "China ancient temple mural art treasure house", as the painting, it originated from the prehistoric rock paintings. Shanxi found in ancient tombs have 4298 seats, wherein, murals in Taiyuan Lou Rui tomb, the tomb of Xu Xianxiu, China's recent discovered the largest, best preserved, the most abundant content of two murals. The Tang Dynasty Murals, is China's earliest existing temple murals.

    篇二:山西外语导游词翻译 气候物产,民俗风情

    气候物产,民俗风情

    Good morning, ladies and gentlmen! I′m Li Pei. Welcome to Shanxi. Shanxi is located in Loess Plateau. The high terrain of Shanxi province is in northeast as well as the low in southwest. It is like a strip from north to south. Taihang mountain is located in the east as a natural barrier, and the splendid Yellow River is located in the southwest as a graben, and Shanxi province extends northward to the foot of the Great Wall. The summer wind has little effect on it as the various terrain, so it belongs to the warm temperate zone ,and the temperate continental climate. As a result, when you can not bear the boiling hot of Yuncheng city in the south of Shanxi .but the Luya Mountain, Wutai Mountain in the north will be a summer resort, where offer you beautiful sightseeing and makes you forget to go home.

    Multi-level geography of Shanxi created a rich natural landscape. As for crops, this piece of land is suitable for the growth of a variety of crops. Yuncheng is a ideal place for the growth of wheat and cotton for its high temperature. While oat and potatoes find its place in north mountains. Such climate and soil breeds many kinds of native things with different local flavor.

    Native things in Shanxi are various. Xinghuacun Wine is a kind of historical and famous wine of our country which is originated from the ancient time. The Shanxi vinegar has an excellent taste. It is not only

    the best choice for seasoning(调味),but also help us digest, and improve our looks. Millet of Qinzhou was royal tribute once with a shape of pearl. Pingyao beef is delicious. Grape of Qingxu courty, pear of Yuanping courty, Chinese date of Jishan courty, walnut of Fenyang courty, these native things are famous for different flavors.

    Shanxi has rich mineral Resources. We have discovered 117 linds of minerals. The reserves of the coal, porocel(铝土), and some other mineral Resources occupy the national first place. The total amount of coal in Shanxi is 6,40 billion tons. It accounts for 16℅ of our country. So, Shanxi wins the name” Sea of coal in north”.

    In addition, the reserves of the iron is also considerable. Taiyuan Iron﹠steel grop is the world-famous special steel materials productive foundation, which has the maximum output. This improve the development of mechanism and chemical industry. As a result of that, Shanxi becomes the famous energy resource and heavy chemical industry base of China.

    The typical geography contributes to the typical folk custom.There are many dialect areas. Shanxi is regarded as “the museum of dialect ”.

    There are many kinds of dramas, Yangko, folk-music, rap, variety show. They are valuable for appreciation.

    Time changes, as well as the society is developing fast. All the

    traditional folk customs of Shanxi are changing. Today, people of Shanxi province welcome all the guests all over the world with their sweet smile. “Walk through the Western Pass." A folk song from the Shanxi province expresses the true feeling of the people of Shanxi. Tourism festival of Hengshan mountain in Datong City, wrestling festival in Xinzhou City, Buddhist festival in Wutai mountain, International pasta festival in Taiyuan City, the photography exhibition in Pingyao Courty, the culture day in memory of the ancestors in Linfen City, the splendid sacred activity for the Lord of Guan in Yuncheng City,all of these contain the long history of Shanxi, and show the new demeanour of people in Shanxi. Even as the paper-cut and some folk arts also go out of Shanxi,go out of China, and move towards the overseas with new contents and vitality.

    篇三:山西概况导游词

    山西概况导游词

    山西不仅文物古迹多,自然风光也十分壮美。下面是山西概况导游词,希望可以帮到大家。

    篇一:山西概况导游词

    欢迎大家来到这!我是你们的导游,我姓x,大家可以叫我小x。为了便于大家参观游玩,下面我首先大家介绍一下。

    山西省,简称"晋",位于华北太行山以西,故名。山西古为并州地,春秋时为晋国,战国属赵,魏等国地。元属中书省山西道,清为山西省。全省面积15.6万平方公里,人口3干多万,有汉、回、蒙、满民族,省会太原。

    山西地处黄河流域的中于地带,是中华民族古代文明和灿烂文化的主要发祥地。早在远古时代,中华民族祖先就在此劳作、生息和繁衍。相传,华夏民族的开山始祖黄帝、炎帝曾于此活动;中国史前的三位伟人尧、舜、禹也都先后在山西建都立业。山西名胜古迹甚多,现有国家级和省级文物保护单位上千处,石窟、佛寺及艺术雕刻遍布全省,辽金以前的地上木构建筑占全国的72%以上,国家级重点文物保护单位119处,居全国首位。全国仅有的四座唐代木构建筑。其中有3座在山西,总之,山西有"中国古代文化艺术宝库"之称。经过多年的开发建设,大同云冈石窟、应县木塔、五台山风景名胜区、恒山风景名胜区、晋祠风景名胜区、平遥古城、晋商大院文化旅游区、关帝庙、永乐宫、普救寺等旅游资源的产品已蜚声海内外。特别是平遥古城、云风石窟,已先后被联合国教科文组织列为世界遗产。

    山西不仅文物古迹多,自然风光也十分壮美。山西境内有国家级和省级风景名胜区11个,其中国家级的有五台山、恒山、壶口、北武当山、五老峰等5个;国家级与省级的自然保护区11个;国家级和省级森林公园27个。黄河流经山西965公里,在壶口、龙门、孟门等河段形成了独特的景观,成为中外游客向往的去处。近年来陵川王蟒岭、锡崖沟、壶关太行大峡谷、宁武芦芽山、黎城黄崖洞、介休绵山、盂县藏山、阳城蟒河、沁水历山等得到初步开发;同时,各地兴办旅游的积极性高涨,旅游资源的开发全面开展,取得了较好的效果。目前,山西省对外开放的主要旅游区有大同、五台山、太原、临汾、运城、晋东南,全省仅年接待5万人以上的旅游景区、景点就达100多处。改革

    开放20年来,山西旅游业发展的基础条件已有很大的改善,省内道路畅通,通讯便利,环境卫生发生了深刻变化,接待服务条件可以满足需求。

    在新的世纪,山西经精心策划包装,推出了三大旅游区,即,以大同云冈石窟、佛教胜地五台山为主的晋北佛教文化旅游区;以平遥古城和乔家、渠家、王家、曹家等四大院为主的晋中晋商民俗文化旅游区;以黄河壶口瀑布、运城解州关帝庙为主的晋南黄河根祖文化旅游区。

    篇二:山西概况游记

    假日里爸爸妈妈带我去山西玩,我们是坐旅行大巴去的,一路上我晕车难受极了,当时我真想回家不去玩了。

    我们第一站到壶口瀑布。离瀑布很远时,我们便听到了水声。到了景点下了车,我一点儿也不晕了,精神抖擞。只见滔滔河水从千米河床排山倒海似地涌来,到了壶口这里汇到一起冲下悬崖,注入深潭形成极为壮观的壶口瀑布。壶口瀑布落差约三十米,水波急溅,激起百丈水柱,形成雾气,真有惊涛拍岸,浊浪排空,倒卷半天烟云之势!站在这里真正体会到诗人李白的"黄河之水天上来,奔流到海不复回"的意境。

    离开壶口瀑布我们又去看了世界一绝的悬空寺、古老的平遥古城、壮观的云冈石窟、灵险的五台山、纯木结构的应县木塔等等。

    篇三:山西概况游记

    我在今年的琵琶比赛中得到了金奖和银奖,还学会了一些英语,虽然这些都不算什么,但妈妈还不懂呢!为了奖励我,也为了给我轻松轻松,爸爸妈妈决定带我去山西旅游。

    第一站我们选择了大同,闻名中外的悬空寺让我感到格外好奇,为什么是悬空寺啊?原来悬空寺就是造在悬崖上的寺庙。我摸了摸支撑着悬空寺的一根根长木头,咦?怎么会动,还动的很厉害,难道这样还撑得住?妈妈告诉我这只是装饰,真正支撑悬空寺的是深深打入山中的一根根横梁。我看了看在云朵中的悬空寺,心想:"要想看到悬空寺的庐山真面目还得化点力气呀!"沿着扶梯走了大约一个小时,我终于大饱眼福了。

    听导游说来到大同不去云冈石窟就太可惜了。45个石窟,我一个一个看过去,石窟中的佛像都不知站立了多少年,经过了多少风吹雨打,有的已经面目皆非了。我心想:"不知道这些佛像还要在这里站立多少年。"来到一个最大的石窟前,里面有一个很大很大的佛像。你想知道这个佛有多大吗?妈妈告诉我,这个佛像的鼻子就比我还高好多。我猜他一定是45个石窟中最最有权威的人物了。

    山西值得我们游览的地方太多了,我们后来又去了五台山,乔家大院和内蒙古大草原,每到一处都能让人留连忘返。

    走遍了山西的山山水水,感觉轻松多了,收获也不少,祖国的大好河山真美呀!

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