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自然拼读法集训资料

学 乐 坊 自 然 拼 读 与 音 标 集 训 资 料

Lesson 1 review letters phonetics

复习字母和相应的发音

一、复习26个字母。

Aa/?/ Bb/b/ Cc/ k/ Dd/d/ Ee/e/ Ff /f/ Gg/g/ Hh/ h/ Ii /a?/ Jj/d?/

Kk/ k/ Ll/ ?/ Mm/m/ Nn/n/ Oo/?/ Pp/p/ Qq / kw/ Rr/ r/ Ss/s/ Tt/ t/

Uu/ ?/ Vv /v/ Ww/ w/ Xx/ ks/ Yy/ j/ Zz /z/ 备注:红色为元音字母,黑色为辅

音字母)

英语国际音标表(48个) 元音(20个)

长元音

短元音

双元音

/ɑ:/ / ?/ /e?/ /a?/ /??/ /??/ /e?/ /??/ 辅音(28 /??/ /a?/ /?/ /?/ /?/ /?/ /e/ /?/ /?:/ / ?:/ /i:/ /U:/ 个)

轻辅音 /p/

浊辅音 /b/

鼻音

半元音

边音

/ t/ / k/ /f/ /θ/ /s/ /?/ /ts/ /t?/ /tr/ / h/ /d/ /g/ /v/ /e/ /z/ /?/ /dz/ /d?/ /dr/ / r/ /m/ / j/ / ?/ /n/ / w/ /?/

Lesson 2 元音字母音标

一、元音字母a\e\i\o\u的发音

如果一个英语单词或音节里只有一个元音, 且元音不在末尾,这个元音一般发短音.

1)短元音:a [?]: bag cat mat map apple bat hat fan hand Stan happy

2)短元音:e [e] egg well red pen net hen bed bell best

3)短元音:i [?] lick six bib pig pin kiss ink hill

4)短元音:o [?] pot ox top dog fox box lost top

5)短元音:u [?] sun umbrella cup bus nut gun uncle under

特殊:i.o后有两个辅音时常发长音(字母音) old find kind

一个单词或音节里有两个元音时, 一般来说,前边一个元音发长音(其字母音), 后边一个元音不发音.

1)长元音:a [e?]: space cake snake lake plane name whale grape cage

2)长元音:e [i:] these Japanese Chinese

3)长元音:i [a?] bite five nine kite mine nice ride side

4)长元音:o [??] rose nose rope note pose home rode those

5)长元音: u [ju:] tube cube June cute huge

特殊:live give

如果一个单词或音节里只有一个元音,而且元音在末尾,这个元音一般发长音(其字母音) 如:me, she,hi, go, baby, table, we

二、字母y在末尾 (作为元音处理):

1) 单音节词, 没有其他元音,y发[ai]

y [a?]: my, why, fly spy sky shy cry my type dry

2) 多音节词, y发[i]

y [ i ] puppy dirty rainy sunny happy baby dizzy pony

ey [ ?] monkey turkey jockey donkey hockey money

Lesson 3字母组合发音1

ai [e?] : paint pain tail rain nail maid jail rail rain wait afraid

ay[e?]:ray say bay way hay lay may pay day play

ee[i:] : bee feel meet week see teeth jeep feet sleep tree green beef ead weather h

eavy sweater head sweat leather feather

: peanut meat eagle sea leaf pea peach tea speak read leave eat lead

e?]: break great

a?] : tie pie lie die

ie

iece field believe belief

igh[a?]:ight sight night tight light sigh fight high

oa[??] : coat toast road boat coal goat toad soap

??]: yellow pillow row rainbow bowl window hollow low tomorrow a?]: h dn flower cow wow owl cln tel ter crn brn

ue[u:] : blue glue sue

Lesson 4字母组合发音2 :arm card arm car cart park garden farm [?:]war warm quarter towards

?:]:pork porch horse horn corn fork morning or

?:]:work worm world

?:]:mermaid term her nerd serve

er

?]:sister brother marker rooster under mother winter

ur [?:]:hurt turkey turtle surfing nurse purse fur

ir [?:]:birthday circus dirty bird circle dirt girl

ph [f]:elephant photo telephone

mb[b]: comb lamb climb

ge[?]: page orange age vegetable

dge[?]: bridge judge fridge edge budge lodge

Lesson 5字母组合发音3

au[?:]:august sausage sauce naughty autumn applause

aw[?:]:saw paw draw strawberry straw lawn law :moon zoo roof rooster spoon room boots food oo

:book cookie woods wool hook look foot cook

?:]: also almost always talk

alf calm

al [?:]:w f c t small ball mall

are [e?] : care share scare dare hare

ere [??]: here there mere where

ck [k]: quick, black sick duck luck lock check back

qu[kw]: quite, quick, quit, quilt

Lesson 6字母组合发音4

mouth out house count shout mouse ou [?]:young country enough

[u:]:group you soup

oi [??]:coin oil point noise poison coil boil soil

oy [??]:oyster boy soy toy

ew [ju:]:new nephew newspaper few dew view

air[e?]: hair air pair chair repair

ire [ai?]: fire wire

??]: near tear dear clear year hear ?:]:learn earn earth heard

e?]:bear pear

eer[??] : deer beer cheers engineer pioneer eer volunt

Lesson 7字母组合发音5

?] : beach lunch cheese bench chair cherry church chicken ch [?] : machine chicago

[k] : headache chemistry school

:wheel white whale wheat wheel whisper whip whistle why what when wh

[h]:who whose

:brother feather leather father mother (舌头放在上下牙之间,然后迅 th 速收回,此音一般在单词的中间,后接元音this that 除外)

θ]:thumb bathmat three thirsty mouth teeth thief bath 舌头放在上下牙之间,不动,让其留从舌尖滑过,此音一般放在单词的开头或最后,属于气音。

kn[n]:knit knob knee knife knock

wr[r]:write wrist wrinkle wrap wreath

[\]:light daughter high

ghost

gh enough laugh

sh[?]:sheep shirt ship fish shoes dish push

Lesson 8字母组合发音6

一、s 后面的清辅音要发成对应的浊辅音

st: student stop steel story star style stand steam

sc: scare scab scar scold scan scoop scale

sk: skate skip ski sky skin skill skeleton skim

sp: spider speak spy spring spoon speed spray spin

str: street strait strict

tr; tree try train truck trust

dr; dry drink dream draw dress

二、辅音的特殊读法

c和g 的两种读音:

c 在i、e、y 前面发[s] center, cigar, nice, mice, gem, giant, gym, page g在i、e、y 前面发[?] gem, giant, gym, page

2)其他情况下,c发[k]: can, clap, cup, great, glad, got, goat, log.

其他情况下,g发[g]:great, glad, got, goat, log.

特殊情况: get, give

三、ng 的发音规则:与它前面的元音构成汉语拼音后鼻音的发音,例如:

song long lung young strong ring morning evening wing king sing bring spring swing

四、单词开头的z永远发[z]不会发[s]

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