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  • 您的位置:在点网 > 范文 > 演讲发言 > 演讲稿 > ihaveadream演讲稿 正文 2017-05-14

    ihaveadream演讲稿

    相关热词搜索:演讲稿 ihaveadream dream a dream dream 演讲稿

    篇一:我有一个梦想演讲稿(中英文)

    马丁·路德·金《I have a dream》演讲全文

    I Have a Dream by Martin Luther King, Jr.

    I am happy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation. 今天,我高兴地同大家一起,参加这次将成为我国历史上为了争取自由而举行的最伟大的示威集会。

    Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation.

    100年前,一位伟大的美国人——今天我们就站在他象征性的身影下——签署了《解放宣言》。

    This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice.这项重要法令的颁布,对于千百万灼烤于非正义残焰中的黑奴, It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity.

    犹如带来希望之光的硕大灯塔,恰似结束漫漫长夜禁锢的欢畅黎明。

    But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not

    free. 然而,100年后,黑人依然没有获得自由。One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of

    discrimination.100年后,黑人依然悲惨地蹒跚于种族隔离和种族歧视的枷锁之下。

    One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity.

    100年后,黑人依然生活在物质繁荣翰海的贫困孤岛上。 One hundred years later, the Negro is still languished in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. 100年后,黑人依然在美国社会中间向隅而泣,依然感到自己在国土家园中流离漂泊。

    And so we've come here today to dramatize a shameful condition.

    所以,我们今天来到这里,要把这骇人听闻的情况公诸于众。

    In a sense we've come to our nation's capital to cash a check. 从某种意义上说,我们来到国家的首都是为了兑现一张支票。 When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence,我们共和国的缔造者在拟写宪法和独立宣言的辉煌篇章时, they were signing a promissory note to which

    every American was to fall heir.

    就签署了一张每一个美国人都能继承的期票。

    This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the "unalienable Rights" of "Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness." 这张期票向所有人承诺——不论白人还是黑人——都享有不可让渡的生存权、自由权和追求幸福权。

    It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note, insofar as her citizens of color are concerned.然而,今天美国显然对她的有色公民拖欠着这张期票。 Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked "insufficient funds."美国没有承兑这笔神圣的债务,而是开始给黑人一张空头支票——一张盖着“资金不足”的印戳被退回的支票。 But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt.但是,我们决不相信正义的银行会破产。

    We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. 我们决不相信这个国家巨大的机会宝库会资金不足。

    And so, we've come to cash this check, a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the

    security of justice.因此,我们来兑现这张支票。这张支票将给我们以宝贵的自由和正义的保障。

    We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of Now.

    我们来到这块圣地还为了提醒美国:现在正是万分紧急的时刻。

    This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. 现在不是从容不迫悠然行事或服用渐进主义镇静剂的时候。

    Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy.现在是实现民主诺言的时候。

    Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice.现在是走出幽暗荒凉的种族隔离深谷,踏上种族平等的阳关大道的时候。 Now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood.现在是使我们国家走出种族不平等的流沙,踏上充满手足之情的磐石的时候。

    Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God's children.现在是使上帝所有孩子真正享有公正的时候。

    It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment. 忽视这一时刻的紧迫性,对于国家将会是致命的。 This sweltering summer of the Negro&(来自:www.zaidian.cOm 在 点 网:ihaveadream演讲稿)#39;s legitimate

    discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality.自由平等的朗朗秋日不到来,黑人顺情合理哀怨的酷暑就不会过去。

    Nineteen sixty-three is not an end, but a beginning. 1963年不是一个结束,而是一个开端。

    And those who hope that the Negro needed to blow off steam and will now be content will have a rude awakening if the nation returns to business as usual.如果国家依然我行我素,那些希望黑人只需出出气就会心满意足的人将大失所望。

    And there will be neither rest nor tranquility in America until the Negro is granted his citizenship rights. 在黑人得到公民权之前,美国既不会安宁,也不会平静。

    The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges.反抗的旋风将继续震撼我们国家的基石,直至光辉灿烂的正义之日来临。

    But there is something that I must say to my people, who stand on the warm threshold which leads into the palace of justice:但是,对于站在通向正义之宫艰险门槛上的人们,有一些话我必须要说。

    In the process of gaining our rightful place, we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds.在我们争取合法地位的过程中,切不要错误行事导致犯罪。

    篇二:IHAVEADREAM英语演讲稿

    i have a dream

    good afternoon dear teachers. my name is wang yutiao. i’m from class 1 grade

    6. fifty years ago, martin luther king made a speech “i have a dream” in america.

    today i’m going to make a speech, too. i have a dream. i like reading books. book is my best friend. after school, i always read books

    first. my mom says,” do homework first, then read books.” but i don’t do as she

    says. when i do homework, i think about the funny stories in the books. so i take

    out the book stealthily and read it. i read books anywhere, anytime. when i take a

    trip, i have a book with me and read it on the train. when i visit grandparents, i

    have a book with me. i read books after class. i read books after dinner. i read books

    before sleep.

    i like reading very much. so i want to open a book bar. let more people love reading

    and learn more from the books.besides books, there will be many other things in my book bar, too.such as sofa, bench, swing, rocking-chair? what’s more, there will be many kinds

    of delicious food and drinks. therefore, readers can stay in my bar for a whole day.

    they can read more and learn more. and also they can make friends through reading

    in my bar.

    i always imagine such a picture. on a sunny afternoon, i sit on the swing leisurely

    with a book in my hand. sometimes i can drink a cup of milk tea. if i feel tired,

    i can have a rest, and look at the scenery out of the window. the sky is blue. the

    grass is green. on the grass, there are some children reading books. some are sitting,

    some are standing, some are squatting?. the books are borrowed from my book bar.

    what a beautiful picture!

    abraham lincoln, an influential president in the american history on february 12, 1809, abraham lincoln was born in a poor family in hardin county

    in kentucky prefecture. his parents are descendants of british immigrants, taking

    farming and hunting.when he was young, he helped the family move firewood, water,

    do farm work and so on.in 1816, lincolns family moved to indiana southwest. at his

    age of 9, his mother died who was just 36 years old. second years, his father married

    a kindness and enlightened woman named sarah bush, and the family lived happily.

    because of poverty, his education degree wasnt high. in order to earn money, he was

    a ferry worker on the ohio river and a plantation worker when he was young. lincoln is a man who loves reading. at his young age, he read all the writings

    of shakespeare and american history, also read lots of books about history and

    literature.he became a learned and wisdom man through self-study. he ran for state

    senator that meant he embarked on a political road since 1832. finally he was

    electedpresident in 1860. in the 28 years, he has undergone a lot of difficulties

    that normal people cannot imagine. eight elections, eight voted out, twice failed

    in business, and even once mental collapse, many times, he could give up, but he didnt.

    just because of not giving up, he became one of the greatest presidents in the history

    of america.the teacher of the revolution marx highly evaluated lincoln, he is a man

    who will not be scared by difficulties, not to confuse for success, he refuse to be

    cowed or submit to his great goal, but never act rashly and blindly, he steadily

    forward, and never back;...... in a word, he is a rare character that achieved the

    great realm and still maintained his excellent quality. owing to his view of

    abolishing slavery, lincolns election, threatened the benefits of the southern

    plantation owners. they certainly dont want a man who advocates the abolition of

    slavery as their president. then the civil war broke out in 1861.me a symbol of black liberation. because lincoln can adapt to the demand of the masses, destroyed slavery in a

    revolutionary way, and solved the peoples demand for land in the civil war of the

    most critical juncture, thus he promoted the development of americas capitalism, and

    made important contributions to safeguard national unity and liberate black slaves.

    due to the excellent achievements of abraham lincoln, he was elected as americas

    president again on november 8, 1864. however, lincoln havent put his post-war policies

    into effect, tragedy happened. because slave owners hatred lincoln extremely. on

    april 14, 1865 night at ten fifteen, fifth days after the surrender of the southern

    army. lincoln was attacked by an assassin in ford theatre in washington. lincolns

    unfortunate death caused a huge shock at home and abroad. american people conveyed

    profound condolences to him, about 7,000,000 people stood mourning funeral procession

    on both sides of the road, and there are 1,500,000 people looked at lincolns face

    with reverence.

    although not to receive advanced education, lincoln has excellent eloquence and

    grace, the direct embodiment is the famous gettysburg address. the last sentence

    became the definition of modern democratic government: to enable us to get free living

    under god in this country, the government of the people, by the people and for the

    people, shall not perish from the earth. there are four presidential giant statues

    in the rushmore national park, lincolns is in the right. lincoln memorial in the

    capital of america-- washington ,is located on the national mall, is one of the most

    famous monuments of the national. hello,everyone!

    today i wil lintroduce one of the greatest u.s presidents,abaram lincoln.at first,i will introduce his brief introduction.abraham lincoln ,he was the 16th

    president of the united states,serving from march 1861 until his assassination in

    april 1865,he successfully led his cuntrythrough its greatest constitutional

    military and moral crisis—the amercian civil war ---preserving theunion while ending

    slavery ,and promoting economic and financial modernization. he is a politician,thinker,he is also the first repubilcian amercian

    president ,he and george washington,franklin roosevelt,are recognized as the the

    three of the greatest america’s president.篇三:英语演讲稿listening and speaking course the effects of ad. on people’s life good morning, ladies and gentlemen! i’m very glad to stand here and give you

    a speech. at first, i’ll show you a great advertisement. it’s based on an advertisement

    of a conditioner. the swedish childhood cancer foundation used the same technique

    and made a new version to show the reality we faced everyday. while the train stopped

    in the station, the hair of the model will be blown up. it’s very creative and attracted

    publics’ attention successfully. however, the model’s hair was blown away. a child

    who suffered from cancer appeared on the screen. the first time i watched this

    advertisement, i was touched deeply. obviously, this advertisement has received a

    good result, more and more people started to pay attention to these fortuneless

    children and helped them. this is the power of public service ads. that’s all, thank you.篇四:经典英文演讲稿i believe in our future

    honorable judges, fellow students:good afternoon!

    recently, ther is a heated debate in our society. the college students are the

    beneficiaries of a rare privilege, who receive exceptional education at extraordinary

    places. but will we be able to face the challenge and support ourselves against all

    odds? will we be able to better the lives of others? will we be able to accept the

    responsibility of building the future of our country?independently. we help each other clean the dormitory, go shopping and bargain

    together, and take part time jobs to supplement our pocket money.the cynics say

    we care for nothing other than grades; and we neglect the need for character

    cultivation. but again, the cynics are wrong. we care deeply for each other, we cherish

    freedom, we treasure justice, and we seek truth. last week, thousands of my fellow

    students had their blood type tested in order to make a contribution for the children

    who suffer from blood cancer.as college students, we are adolescents at the critical turning point in our lives.

    we all face a fundamental choice: cynicism or faith, each will profoundly impact our

    future, or even the future of our country. i believe in all my fellow classmates.

    though we are still inexperienced and even a little bit childish. i believe that we

    have the courage and faith to meet any challenge and take on our responsibilities.

    we are preparing to assume new responsibilities and tasks, and to use the education

    we have received to make our world a better place. i believe in our future. 我对未来充满信心

    尊敬的评委,各位同学:下午好!

    最近,社会上有一场很激烈的争论。大学生是一种稀有特权的享有者,在很棒的地方接

    受高等教育。但是,我们能面对挑战而无所畏惧吗?我们能够改善他人的生活吗?我们能够

    承担建设祖国未来的重任吗?怀疑论者说大学生是被宠坏的一代,一丁点挫折都受不了。但是他们错了,我所看到的

    大学生正在努力的学习独立生活。我们互相帮助打扫卫生,一起上街砍价购物,一起参加兼

    职工作来赚零花钱。

    怀疑论者说我们除了成绩什么都不关心,从而忽略了性格的培养。但是,他们又错了。

    我们彼此关心,我们向往自由,我们珍惜公正,我们追求真理。上个星期,很多我的同学去

    验血,为了给患血癌的孩子贡献自己的力量。 作为大学生,我们是处在人生分水岭的青年。我们都面临一个重要的选择:怀疑人生还

    是相信自己,每一种都会给我们的人生带来重大的影响,甚至影响我们祖国的未来。我相信

    我们的同学们,虽然我们依然缺乏经验,甚至有些志气,但是我相信我们有勇气和自信来面

    对生活的挑战并承担我们的责任。我们正努力准备接受新的任务,用我们所学习的知识将世

    界变得更美好。我对我们的未来充满信心。大学生英语演讲稿17 change the ingredients of your life 十七、 王晨,20岁,安徽

    change the ingredients of your life so my dear friend, if faith, hope, love, endurance are added to your life, you

    will find the confidence to conquer your limitation and embrace new challenges. and

    hopefully with my speech included, you will have a fantastic speech contest. 改变生活的味道

    这是一杯白开水,平淡无味,对吧?可是加上点糖呢,他尝起来会有甜味;如果加的是

    苏打水,味道就会变苦。人生同样如此——个中滋味在于我们的选择。善待他人,你会拥

    有朋友;但如果充满恶意,则会多个敌人。将爱赋予一堆红砖,你会拥有一个家;用仇恨来

    浇铸这堆红砖,就会铸成一座集中营。 因此亲爱的朋友们,不要抱怨人生乏味,世间无望。不喜欢生活的味道,那就换一换生

    活的调料吧!

    三年前,我重达100多公斤,这给我带来了很多尴尬和挫折:体育课老是不及格,总被

    女孩们嘲笑,更不敢当众发表意见。幸而由于祖母的鼓励,我不在消极人生,而是充满自信。

    她曾经说过:“孩子,如果体形无法改变,为什么不把它看做自己独特的风格呢?” 我开始

    这样来审视人生,通过改变生活的视角,我信心大增地去改变我的人生,很快就发现一个崭

    新的世界。

    朋友们,将信念,希望,爱意和忍性溶入生命,你就会找到自信,克服缺点,迎接人生

    新的挑战。最后我的演讲包括在内,希望你会看到一场精彩的演讲比赛。 大学生英语演讲稿

    16

    十六、 杨颖,21岁,海南kipling said:“east is east, and west is west, and never the twain shall meet!”

    but now, a century later, they have met. i love beijing and hennan opera because it always reminds me of who i am. but

    i am also a fan of pop music, especially english songs. so i when two cultures meet, there may be things in one culture, which do not fit into

    the tradition of the other. when this happens, we need to learn to understand and

    respect the customs of another culture. then there are certain things some people

    may not like. to this, i will say, if you do not like it, please try to tolerate it.

    to learn to tolerate what you personally don’t like is a great virtue at a time when

    different cultures mix and merge. before us, there are two rivers, eastern and western

    cultures. at present, they may run in different courses. but eventually, they will

    converge into the vast sea of human culture.right now, i can see peoples of eastern and western cultures, standing side by

    side, singing the olympic theme song: we are hand in hand, heart to heart, together

    we will shape a beautiful tomorrow! thank you!让我们共同感受东西方的融合 吉卜林说过:东方是东方,西方是西方,二者永不相聚。但是一个世纪后的今天,东西方

    相汇了! 它们相聚在经济领域,它们相聚在教育领域,它们相聚在艺术的殿堂。有人争论说:

    这种融合需要我们在东方和西方之间做出选择,但我却坚信最美好的未来在于东方和西方创

    造性的融合。我们可以将西方的思想,观念和技术变为我们自己所用的东西。我喜爱京剧和河南豫剧,因为它们经常使我想起自己是谁。但我也热衷于流行音乐,特

    别是英文歌曲。于是我将东方的旋律和西方的语言结合到了一起,它叫做西方版的河南豫剧。

    当两种文化相结合的时候,也许一方的文化中的某些东西不适应另一方的传统文化。当

    此种情况出现时,我们需要试着理解并接受另一种文化中的风俗习惯。然而,也许有些东西

    你并不喜欢,对于此,我可以说,如果你不喜欢它,请试着去容忍它。当两种文化融合的时

    候,试着去容忍你个人不喜欢的东西是一种美德。在我们面前有两条河流,东方文化和西

    方文化。现在,它们也许正朝着不同的方向流去。但是最终它们将汇合到人类文化的海洋里。就在此时此刻,我看见东方和西方的人肩并肩的站在一起,高唱奥林匹克主题曲:我们手

    拉手,心靠着心,共同创造美好的明天!大学生英语演讲稿英语风采大赛半决赛选手自备演讲赏析(大学成人组) 十五、 黄扬,21,福建farewell, indifferencewho was the most well-known figure in china last month? it’s ma jiajue—the

    college student who murdered 4 of his roommates. many people attributed his crime

    to his poverty and deficient education. in my opinion, his crime also has much to

    do with his classmates’ indifference.indifference is a terrible disease in today’s colleges and the whole society.

    it’s not rare that two students who have studied together for 4 years have never

    spoken to each other. it’s not rare that a student who has been absent from class

    for several days is not noticed at all. it’s also not rare that a student who has

    severe psychological problems is not cared about at all.some people may say ‘what the students with psychological problems like ma jiajue

    need is not care but psychotherapy.” however, when people are ill, what they need

    most is not only medical treatment, but also care from people around them. every smile

    and every caring word will bring sunshine to their life.what can we do to prevent the tragedy of ma jiajue from happening again? some

    people may say ‘let’s open more psychological courses in schools.’ and other people

    may say ‘let’s donate more money for the poorstudents.’ but i’ll say “my fellow student, let’s give more love and care

    to our roommates, our classmates and every person around us!”走出冷漠 谁是中国上个月最有名的人物? 这当然要数马加爵了——这个杀害了四名同学的大学生。

    很多人将他的犯罪归结于他的贫穷和不全面的教育。但我觉得他的犯罪还跟他周围同学的冷

    漠有很大关系。

    冷漠是流行于当今校园及整个社会中的一种可怕的疾病。有的同学在一起学习了4年却

    从未说过话,有的同学几天没去上课却无人知晓,还有的同学有了严重的心理问题却得不到

    关心。

    篇三:马丁路德金_我有一个梦想(中英文)演讲稿

    I have a Dream

    by Martin Luther King, Jr.

    Delivered on the steps at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. on August 28, 1963

    Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of captivity.

    But one hundred years later, we must face the tragic fact that the Negro is still not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languishing in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. So we have come here today to dramatize an appalling condition.

    In a sense we have come to our nation's capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men would be guaranteed the inalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

    It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check which has come back marked "insufficient funds." But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. So we have come to cash this check -- a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice. We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of now. This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to open the doors of opportunity to all of God's children. Now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood.

    It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment and to underestimate the determination of the Negro. This sweltering summer of the Negro's legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality. Nineteen sixty-three is not an end, but a beginning. Those who hope that the Negro needed to blow off steam and will now be content will have a rude awakening if the nation returns to business as usual. There will be neither rest nor tranquility in America until the Negro is granted his citizenship rights. The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges.

    But there is something that I must say to my people who stand on the warm threshold which leads into the palace of justice. In the process of gaining our rightful place we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred.

    We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence. Again and again we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force. The marvelous new militancy which has engulfed the Negro community must not lead us to distrust of all white people, for many of our white brothers, as evidenced by their presence here today, have come to realize that their destiny is tied up with our destiny and their freedom is inextricably bound to our freedom. We cannot walk alone.

    And as we walk, we must make the pledge that we shall march ahead. We cannot turn back. There are those who are asking the devotees of civil rights, "When will you be satisfied?" We can never be satisfied as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities. We cannot be satisfied as long as the Negro's basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a larger one. We can never be satisfied as long as a Negro in Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote. No, no, we are not satisfied, and we will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream.

    I am not unmindful that some of you have come here out of great trials and tribulations. Some of you have come fresh

    from narrow cells. Some of you have come from areas where your quest for freedom left you battered by the storms of persecution and staggered by the winds of police brutality. You have been the veterans of creative suffering. Continue to work with the faith that unearned suffering is redemptive.

    Go back to Mississippi, go back to Alabama, go back to Georgia, go back to Louisiana, go back to the slums and ghettos of our northern cities, knowing that somehow this situation can and will be changed. Let us not wallow in the valley of despair.

    I say to you today, my friends, that in spite of the difficulties and frustrations of the moment, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.

    I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self-evident; that all men are created equal."

    I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slaveowners will be able to sit down together at a table of brotherhood.

    I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a desert state sweltering with the heat of injustice and oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.

    I have a dream that my four children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.

    I have a dream today.

    I have a dream that one day the state of Alabama, whose governor's lips are presently dripping with the words of interposition and nullification, will be transformed into a situation where little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls and walk together as sisters and brothers.

    I have a dream today.

    I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together.

    This is our hope. This is the faith with which I return to the South. With this faith we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day. This will be the day when all of God's children will be able to sing with a new meaning

    My country, 'tis of thee,

    Sweet land of liberty,

    of thee I sing:

    Land where my fathers died,

    Land of the pilgrim's pride,

    From every mountainside,

    Let freedom ring.

    And if America is to be a great nation this must become true. So let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire. Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York. Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania!

    Let freedom ring from the snowcapped Rockies of Colorado!

    Let freedom ring from the curvaceous peaks of California!

    But not only that; let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia!

    Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee!

    Let freedom ring from every hill and every molehill of Mississippi. From every mountainside, let freedom ring.

    When we let freedom ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God's children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual, "Free at last! free

    at last! thank God almighty, we are free at last!"

    100年前,一位伟大的美国人签署了解放黑奴宣言,今天我们就是在他的雕像前集会。这一庄严宣言犹如灯塔的光芒,给千百万在那摧残生命的不义之火中受煎熬的黑奴带来了希望。它之到来犹如欢乐的黎明,结束了束缚黑人的漫漫长夜。

    然而100年后的今天,我们必须正视黑人还没有得到自由这一悲惨的事实。100年后的今天,在种族隔离的镣铐和种族歧视的枷锁下,黑人的生活备受压榨。100年后的今天,黑人仍生活在物质充裕的海洋中一个穷困的孤岛上。100年后的今天,黑人仍然萎缩在美国社会的角落里,并且意识到自己是故土家园中的流亡者。今天我们在这里集会,就是要把这种骇人听闻的情况公诸于众。

    就某种意义而言,今天我们是为了要求兑现诺言而汇集到我们国家的首都来的。我们共和国的缔造者草拟宪法和独立宣言的气壮山河的词句时,曾向每一个美国人许下了诺言,他们承诺给予所有的人以生存、自由和追求幸福的不可剥夺的权利。

    就有色公民而论,美国显然没有实践她的诺言。美国没有履行这项神圣的义务,只是给黑人开了一张空头支票,支票上盖着“资金不足”的戳子后便退了回来。但是我们不相信正义的银行已经破产,我们不相信,在这个国家巨大的机会之库里已没有足够的储备。因此今天我们要求将支票兑现——这张支票将给予我们宝贵的自由和正义的保障。

    我们来到这个圣地也是为了提醒美国,现在是非常急迫的时刻。现在决非侈谈冷静下来或服用渐进主义的镇静剂的时候。现在是实现民主的诺言时候。现在是从种族隔离的荒凉阴暗的深谷攀登种族平等的光明大道的时候,现在是向上帝所有的儿女开放机会之门的时候,现在是把我们的国家从种族不平等的流沙中拯救出来,置于兄弟情谊的磐石上的时候。

    如果美国忽视时间的迫切性和低估黑人的决心,那么,这对美国来说,将是致命伤。自由和平等的爽朗秋天如不到来,黑人义愤填膺的酷暑就不会过去。1963年并不意味着斗争的结束,而是开始。有人希望,黑人只要撒撒气就会满足;如果国家安之若素,毫无反应,这些人必会大失所望的。黑人得不到公民的权利,美国就不可能有安宁或平静,正义的光明的一天不到来,叛乱的旋风就将继续动摇这个国家的基础。

    但是对于等候在正义之宫门口的心急如焚的人们,有些话我是必须说的。在争取合法地位的过程中,我们不要采取错误的做法。我们不要为了满足对自由的渴望而抱着敌对和仇恨之杯痛饮。我们斗争时必须永远举止得体,纪律严明。我们不能容许我们的具有崭新内容的抗议蜕变为暴力行动。我们要不断地升华到以精神力量对付物质力量的崇高境界中去。

    现在黑人社会充满着了不起的新的战斗精神,但是能因此而不信任所有的白人。因为我们的许多白人兄弟已经认识到,他们的命运与我们的命运是紧密相连的,他们今天参加游行集会就是明证。他们的自由与我们的自由是息息相关的。我们不能单独行动。

    当我们行动时,我们必须保证向前进。我们不能倒退。现在有人问热心民权运动的人,“你们什么时候才能满足?”

    只要黑人仍然遭受警察难以形容的野蛮迫害,我们就绝不会满足。

    只要我们在外奔波而疲乏的身躯不能在公路旁的汽车旅馆和城里的旅馆找到住宿之所,我们就绝不会满足。

    只要黑人的基本活动范围只是从少数民族聚居的小贫民区转移到大贫民区,我们就绝不会满足。

    只要密西西比仍然有一个黑人不能参加选举,只要纽约有一个黑人认为他投票无济于事,我们就绝不会满足。 不!我们现在并不满足,我们将来也不满足,除非正义和公正犹如江海之波涛,汹涌澎湃,滚滚而来。 我并非没有注意到,参加今天集会的人中,有些受尽苦难和折磨,有些刚刚走出窄小的牢房,有些由于寻求自由,曾在居住地惨遭疯狂迫害的打击,并在警察暴行的旋风中摇摇欲坠。你们是人为痛苦的长期受难者。坚持下去吧,要坚决相信,忍受不应得的痛苦是一种赎罪。

    让我们回到密西西比去,回到亚拉巴马去,回到南卡罗来纳去,回到佐治亚去,回到路易斯安那去,回到我们北方城市中的贫民区和少数民族居住区去,要心中有数,这种状况是能够也必将改变的。我们不要陷入绝望而不克自拔。

    朋友们,今天我对你们说,在此时此刻,我们虽然遭受种种困难和挫折,我仍然有一个梦想,这个梦想是深深扎根于美国的梦想中的。

    我梦想有一天,这个国家会站立起来,真正实现其信条的真谛:“我们认为这些真理是不言而喻的,人人生而平等。”

    我梦想有一天,在佐治亚的红山上,昔日奴隶的儿子将能够和昔日奴隶主的儿子坐在一起,共叙兄弟情谊。 我梦想有一天,甚至连密西西比州这个正义匿迹,压迫成风,如同沙漠般的地方,也将变成自由和正义的绿洲。

    我梦想有一天、我的四个孩子将在一个不是以他们的肤色,而是以他们的品格优劣来评价他们的国度里生活。

    我今天有一个梦想。我梦想有一天,亚拉巴马州能够有所转变,尽管该州州长现在仍然满口异议,反对联邦法令,但有朝一日,那里的黑人男孩和女孩将能与白人男孩和女孩情同骨肉,携手并进。

    我今天有一个梦想。

    我梦想有一天,幽谷上升,高山下降;坎坷曲折之路成坦途,圣光披露,满照人间。

    这就是我们的希望。我怀着这种信念回到南方。有了这个信念,我们将能从绝望之岭劈出一块希望之石。有了这个信念,我们将能把这个国家刺耳的争吵声,改变成为一支洋溢手足之情的优美交响曲。

    有了这个信念,我们将能一起工作,一起祈祷,一起斗争,一起坐牢,一起维护自由;因为我们知道,终有一天,我们是会自由的。

    在自由到来的那一天,上帝的所有儿女们将以新的含义高唱这支歌:“我的祖国,美丽的自由之乡,我为您歌唱。您是父辈逝去的地方,您是最初移民的骄傲,让自由之声响彻每个山岗。”

    如果美国要成为一个伟大的国家,这个梦想必须实现。让自由之声从新罕布什尔州的巍峨的崇山峻岭响起来!让自由之声从纽约州的崇山峻岭响起来!”

    让自由之声从科罗拉多州冰雪覆盖的落基山响起来!让自白之声从加利福尼亚州蜿蜒的群峰响起来!不仅如此,还要让自由之声从佐治亚州的石岭响起来!让自由之声从田纳西州的了望山响起来!

    让自由之声从密西西比的每一座丘陵响起来!让自由之声从每一片山坡响起来。

    当我们让自由之声响起来,让自由之声从每一个大小村庄、每一个州和每一个城市响起来时,我们将能够加速这一天的到来,那时,上帝的所有儿女,黑人和白人,犹太教徒和非犹太教徒,耶稣教徒和天主教徒,都将手携手,合唱一首古老的黑人灵歌:“终于自由啦!终于自由啦!感谢全能的上帝,我们终于自由啦!”

    THE GETTYSBURG ADDRESS

    葛底斯堡演讲词

    by Abraham Lincoln --亚伯拉罕.林肯

    八十七年以前,我们的祖先在这大陆上建立了一个国家,它孕育于自由,并且献身给一种理念,即所有人都是生来平等的。

    Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

    当前,我们正在从事一次伟大的内战,我们在考验,究竟这个国家,或任何一个有这种主张和这种信仰的国家,是否能长久存在。我们在那次战争的一个伟大的战场上集会。我们来到这里,奉献那个战场上的一部分土地,作为在此地为那个国家的生存而牺牲了自己生命的人的永久眠息之所。我们这样做,是十分合情合理的。

    Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

    可是,就更深一层意义而言,我们是无从奉献这片土地的--无从使它成为圣地--也不能把它变为人们景仰之所。那些在这里战斗的勇士,活着的和死去的,已使这块土地神圣化了,远非我们的菲薄能力所能左右。世人会不大注意,更不会长久记得我们在此地所说的话,然而他们将永远忘不了这些人在这里所做的事。相反,我们活着的人应该献身于那些曾在此作战的人们所英勇推动而尚未完成的工作。我们应该在此献身于我们面前所留存的伟大工作--由于他们的光荣牺牲,我们要更坚定地致力于他们曾作最后全部贡献的那个事业--我们在此立志宣誓,不能让他们白白死去--要使这个国家在上帝的庇佑之下,得到新生的自由--要使那民有、民治、民享的政府不致从地球上消失。

    But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate-we cannot consecrate-we cannot hallow-this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us-that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion-that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain-that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom-and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.

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